Sudan's Tourism Sector
Introduction: Sudan enjoys a number of tourist attractions due to the abundance of its natural resources. It is regarded as one of the richest African countries in terms of wildlife, birds and Nile natural scenery which encourages tourism investment. The climate in Sudan is characterized by varied climatic conditions, which are moderate all the year round in the Red Sea area, especially in the highlands such as Erkwiet Summer Resort.
The special focus on the promotion of tourism in Sudan is necessitated primarily by the need for generating domestic internal tourism, notably among the youth. Tourism activity also makes youths realize the power of Almighty Allah, thus deepening their faith in Him. It also inculcates in them love for their country besides promoting acquaintance and friendly relations with other people who are attracted to our country by its vast natural beauty.
In this way, tourism plays two key roles. First, it boosts Sudan's image, reflecting the good nature of its people, its civilization and cultural heritage. Secondly, it strengthens its ties with the rest of the world.
Sudan witnessed many successive civilizations such as those of Meroe and Kouh. The antiquities of those civilizations are still seen in many areas of the Northern State, Shendi area, Al-Bejrawia, Al-Naqa', Al-Musawarat, Merawie, Karima, Al-Berkal Mountain and others.
These tourist resources can generate precious foreign currency for the country if they are promoted in the international tourism markets. A fully development tourism infrastructure will also generate domestic tourism and encourage the Sudanese people to spend their vacations inside the country.
Tourism activity started in Sudan since the dawn of independence with the country's meager resources being carefully and honestly directed to reflect Sudan's splendid tourist image to the outside world.
The state, represented in the General Administration of Wildlife, has built many game parks and reserves to protest the wild animals, bearing in mind that they are a national wealth to be treasured and passed on to the coming generations. Nemolie, Booma, Al-Zaraf are some of the country's well-known game reserves in the southern states.
Antiquities Sites and Natural Areas:
Sudan's tourism resources are located on the 700-km-long Red Sea coast, including diving and under-water photography, besides boat-rowing and water skiing. The coast enjoys many gulfs and coral reefs as the area is free from contamination.
Sudan also enjoys rich ancient heritage, which is great attraction for both domestic and outside tourists. These are located in the northern areas of Al-Nag'a Al-Musawarat, Karima, Al-Berkal, Merowie, Dongola and others.
These areas and others saw ancient civilizations proved by the remains of the pyramids and temples, with a great part of them still lying unearthed.
These areas attract many experts and researchers in this field.
Central areas in Sudan including Sennar and Sinja contain antiquities of Al-Funj Kingdom (The Black Sultanate). The antiquities of this area bears testimony to the long and authentic history of the kingdom. There are many antiquities of the Mahdi state in east and west Sudan and in the national capital.
In east Sudan, at Sawakin area along the Red Sea, there are great antiquities, indicating the existence of a great period in the country's history. Sawakin island, for example, is considered one of the areas which witnessed urban development and unique styles of architecture.
The state also set up Al-Dinder National Tourist Park for wildlife in the central state in 1935. This park is considered one of the greatest game reserves in Africa. It occupies a unique position north of the equator on an area of 2,470 sq. miles.
In 1990, the government announced the establishment of Sanganieb National Marine Reserve over an area of 12-sq-km, the first Sudanese sea reserve.
The government also set up Arous Tourist Village at the Red Sea area and villages of Jemieza in the Equatorial State. Areas of games are represented in the Red Sea Hills and birds hunting at Kindy Lake in Darfur state after it had been protected against poaching.
There are also game in south Sudan areas, Al-Dari Mountain, Al-Fuweir area, Al-Rugia Al-Zargha area, Talha Al-Misairi and Foanghar Mountain in Kordofan State.