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LOCATION EMBLEM FLAG

Geographical Location:

Sudan is situated in North East Africa. It is the largest country in Africa and the region of the Middle-East. It shares common borders with nine countries - Egypt and Libya in the North, Chad and Central African Republic in the West, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda and Kenya in the South, Ethiopia and Eritrea in the East. It also neighbours the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia across the Red Sea. With an area of one million square miles, Sudan is among the ten largest countries in the world.

Capital:

Khartoum. It lies at the confluence of two great rivers, the Blue Nile and the White Nile.

Climate:

Sudan lies within the African tropical zone. Its climate varies from equatorial in its most southern parts, Savanna in the centre, and continental in the northern parts. The period from March to June is the hottest part of the year with temperatures of up to 42 degrees Celsius during the day and 27 degrees Celsius at night. But the temperature gradually begins to decline when it starts raining from July to October. From November to February, which is the best time of the year in the country, temperatures range between 16 to 30 degrees Celsius with beautiful warm sunshine during daytime hours.

The People:

The Sudanese people are descendants of various ethnic groups, which settled or migrated to Sudan in different historical eras and intermingled to create a multifaceted heritage, Afro-Arab cultures.

According to the 1998 census, the population of Sudan is 33 million. Seventy percent of the country's people are engaged in the agricultural sector.

SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE: SUDAN
FERTILITY AND CONTRACEPTION

Crude birth rate (births per 1,000 of a population in a given year):

27

Total Fertility Rate (Sum of the age-specific fertility rates in a given year):

5

Women aged 15-19 giving live births each year (%):

6

Women aged 15-49 using contraception (all methods) (%):

10

Women aged 15-49 using contraception (modern methods) (%):

7

MORTALITY

Crude Death Rate (deaths per 1,000 of a population in a given year):

14

Average Life expectancy in years (men):

50

Average Life expectancy in years (women):

52

Infant Mortality Rate (Number of deaths to infants under one year of age per 1,000 live births in a given year):

73

Maternal Mortality Rate (Number of deaths to women due to pregnancy or childbearing complications per 100,000 live births in a given year):

660

HEALTH

Access to Services (%):

70

Access to safe water (%):

50

Literacy Rate (men) (%):

58

Literacy Rate (women) (%):

35

Workforce (men) (%):

47

Workforce (women) (%):
 

43
 


(Information courtesy United Nations Population Information Network.)

Health Care

Items

1995

1999

No. of hospitals

253

304

No. of health centers

571

849

No. of dispensaries

1478

1438

No. of dressing stations

1558

1253

No. of primary H.C. Units

2916

2652

Ratio of specialists per (100.000) of Pob.

2.2

2.4

Ratio of nurses

17182

18292

No. of pharmacies

732

779

Health expenditure as a percentage of GDP (%)



Source: Central Bureau of statistics



Labor force and unemployment

Items

1996

1998

Labor force(million)

7912

8375

Number of employees (million)

6520

6812

Year

1996

1997

1998

Unemployment rate (%)

16.6

18.1

18.7

Source: Central Bureau of statistics



Economy
G.D.P. at current prices according to economic activities during the period 1994-2000

Sector

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

Agriculture

41.1

43.0

45.0

47.6

48.7

49.8

46.4

Industry & Mining

7.6

6.7

7.4

8.3

8.1

9.1

15.0

Electricity & Water


2.6


2.0


2.0


1.9


1.8


1.8


1.7

Construction

5.6

5.5

5.0

4.9

5.1

4.9

4.7

Governmental Services

7.6


8.4


7.5


5.9


6.5


6.2


5.8

Other Services


35.5


34.4


33.1


31.4


29.8


28.2


26.4

Source: Bank of Sudan, Annual report



Economics indicators (L.S. Million) 1994/1995-2000
Item/ Year

G.D.P. at current prices

G.D.P. at constant prices

G.D.P. Growth Rate at constant prices

G.D.P. per capita at current prices

G.D.P. per capita at constant prices

94/95 55299107.0 10140.0 6.0 204721.1 375.4
1996 10330678.5 10740.9 5.9 372317.0 387.1
1997 16769372.5 11420.8 6.3 588275.2 400.6
1998 23869676.4 12154.6 6.4 815611.2 415.3
1999 *29093858.7 12970.3 6.7 968310.5 431.7
2000 * 33004554 13761.5 6.1 1061888.4 442.8

Source: Central Bureau of statistics



Inflation Rates for the period 1997-2000
Year

1997

1998

1999

2000

Annual Average 46.5  17.7  16.1  8.1 

Source: Bank of Sudan, Annual report



Balance of Payment 1997-2000 (value in $ Million)
 

1997

1998

1999

2000

Exports 594.2 595.7 780.1 1806.7
Imports 1579.7 1924.6 1415.0 1552.7
Trade Balance -985.5 -328.9 -635.0 254.0
Services 0.4 179.1 45.0 -
Capital Account 182.7 379.1 413.2 328.0
Direct Investment (net) 97.9 370.7 370.8 392.21
Other Investment 2.7 26.3 -31.5 17.57
Short-term Capital Movement (net) 127.2 36.3 96.8 -

Source: Bank of Sudan, Annual report



Industrial Products
  Item

Unit

1998

1999

2000

Sugar (000)  Tons 610 664 662
Molasses (000)  Tons 215 225 233
Biscuit (000)  Tons 24 35 39.4
Sweet And Tahnia (000)  Tons 60 63 65
Jam (000)  Tons 2.8 5 8
Juices (000)  Tons 3.5 9 17
Flour (000)  Tons 310 532 600
Cement (000)  Tons 206 266 161
Oils (000)  Tons 120 100 120
Soaps (000)  Tons 61 80 100
Tyres (000)  Tons 207 173 211.6
Hides and Skins Million Units 8.4 17.4 8.5
Soft Drinks Million Boxes 17 18 20
Wearing Million Yards 26 35 35
Spinning (000)  Tons 8.6 8.5 8
Cigarettes (000)  Tons 2.22 2.25 2.32
Paints (000)  Tons 4.7 16.7 18
Matches (000)  Boxes 231 271 204

Source: Ministry of Industry



Agriculture - Production (000) M. Ton - Yeild in Kg/Fed)
  Item

Cotton

Millet

Wheat

Sun Flower

Sorghum

Groundnut

1994/95 259 973 448 48 3648 714
1995/96 307 383 527 25 2450 738
1996/97 297 634 642 20 4179 815
1997/98 237 643 535 11 2870 1104
1998/99 165 667 172 10 484 776
1999/00 147 499 214 8 2347 1047
Source: Statistics Division, Ministry of Agriculture


Products Livestock (000 Tons)
  Item

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

Meat 1287 1275 1331 1422 1463 1522
Milk 5955 5786 6001 6230 6650 6879
Fish 45 47 50 52 53 56
Eggs 35 25 20 18 20 21
Chicken Meat 29 22 18 15 15 15
Skin Products 21793 22284 22756 23033 24967 26384
Source: Ministry of Animal Resources


Population Growth Rate: 2.8% (approx.) Main Economic Activities: Agriculture & Oil
Main Cash Crop: Cotton
Other Crops: Sorghum, Wheat, Oil Seeds, Millet, Gum Arabic
Industries: Sugar, Textiles, Cement, Edible Oil, Petroleum Refining
G.D.P.: Real growth rate of 6%


Religion:

Islam is the religion of the majority in Sudan. A portion of the population is Christian as well as followers of customary creeds.

Main Exports:

Sudan exports many products, mainly agricultural and processed agricultural goods, cotton and cotton waste, Gum Arabic and its semi-processed form - guar gum, sesame seeds, groundnuts, sunflower, edible oils, oil cakes and meal, sorghum (Dura), livestock, meat, semi-processed leather, gold, mica, marble, asbestos, chromium, fruits (mango, grape, guava, lemon, banana, dates, melon etc), vegetables (onion, garlic, beans), spices, fresh vegetables, medicinal herbs (senna pods, henna etc), hibiscus flowers, melon seeds, sugar and molasses etc.

Major Towns and Cities:

Among the most important Sudanese towns is Port Sudan. It is the capital of the Red Sea State and as its name connotes, it is the country's major seaport as well. Then there is Wad Medani, capital of Gezire State, Al Obeid in North Kordofan State, besides Juba, Malakal and Wau in the south. Other important towns and cities include Dongola, Karima, Nyala, Alfasher.



Language:

Arabic is the official language. English is also widely used and spoken.

Currency:

The Sudanese Dinar is the basic currency unit (257 Sudanese Dinar = l US Dollar).

Form of Government:

Sudan is a federal union of 26 states with its capital at Khartoum. It is governed at three levels: federal, state and district. The country is ruled by a presidential system and a parliament based on free elections and a multi-party system.

Time Zone:

Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) + two hours.

Office Hours:

Government circles and banks open at 7:30 a.m. and close down at 2:30 p.m - from Saturday through Thursday. Friday is the official weekly holiday.

Banking Hours:

Banks transact business from 8 in the morning until 12:30 in the afternoon.

Shopping and Commercial Centres: Shopping and commercial centres usually open at 8 in the morning and close at 3 p.m. They re-open from 5-9 p.m.

Weights and Measures:

The metric system (metre, kilogram etc) is widely used. The feddan is the customary unit of land measurement. One feddan = 4,200 sq.m. = 1.038 acre = 0.42 hectare.

Entry Visas:

Entry to Sudan is through visas, which can be obtained from its embassies or accredited consulates. The country's Investment Authority may also obtain entry visas for any investment delegation that wishes to visit Sudan.


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