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Brief on Export Regulations/import regulations

Export Regulations

a) Exportation in Sudan needs registration of the Exporter in importers/exporters registry.
b) Sudan applies the harmonized system for classification of exports, as in the case of imports. Export rates are ad-valorem, the export duty is 10% on cottom and gum Arabic, while on other products it is 5%. All these rates are on FAS value. There is also a 1%-2% quay duty for Sudan Seaport corporation and 1% for the Civil Aviation.
c) There are no quantitiative or quota export restrictions.
d) No license is required for export, except when there is no remittance, in which case an export license is issued by the Ministry of of Foreign Trade and the Central Bank, and the salves contract needs to be stamped by the Ministry of Foreign Trade.
e) Sudan has no indicative export minimum prices, which are based on the internal cost and world market prices. There are no voluntary export restrictions and no orderly market arrangements.

Import Regulations

a) sudan does not apply any quantitative import restrictions. All goods can be imported to Sudan except those, which are prohibited by social values or security considerations. These goods are spirits and wines, narcotics, gambling equipments, arms and ammunitions.
b) Import licensing procedures
Generally, imports do not need an import license. c) sudan does not apply any other border measures
d) Sudan uses the Brussels definition of value (BDV)
e) Importers must present an Import Declaration, Commercial Cerfitificate of Origin, Quarantine License (where necessary), Sudanese Standards and Metrology Organization (SSMO) requirements or other documents for specific type of goods and complete Bank of formalities.
f) Improters must pay the required duties, taxes and fees and receive an official release order for the goods.
g) Duties, taxes and fees are payable before releasing the goods except for direct delivery goods.
h) Sudan has no mandatory Pre-shipment Inspection. Importers are advised to have Pre-shipment Inspection Certificate issued by International Cargo Inspectors registered by SSMO. Double check inspection might be conducted by the SSMO.

All consignments, with no Quality Inspection Certificate will be subjected to SSMO inspection at entry points.

Rules of Origin.
The Certificate of Origin for imports is mainly required when there are tariff preferences. The Certificate of Orgin for export commodities is issued by Sudan Chamber of Commerce and checked by the Customs Authorities, and it is governed generally by the preference agreement such as the Rules of Origin applied or agreed upon in the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa States (COMESA), the Global System of Trade Preference (GSTP) and the Agreement of Trade Facilitation & Development among the Arab States.

Sudan has no separate Rules of Origin. The Certificate of Origin must be issued by the competent authority in the country of origin.

Sudan has no Anti-Dumping Law as yet.
Sudan has no Safeguard Law, however, Sudan is planning to formulate laws on safeguards and competition as welol as anti-dumping.
l) Sudan has no tariff quotas, tariff exemptions are available for investment projects govered by the Investment Law and for items within Article 54 of the Customs Law.
m) Importation & Exportation in Sudan need registeration of the importer or exporter in the Import/Export Registry at the Ministry of Foreign Trade according to the following:

Registration in the Chamber of Commerce as an importer or exporter.
An application form should be submitted to the Ministry of Foreign Trade for approval showing the following information:

- The name and address of the applicant
- A valid Trade license from the local Council where the importer or exporter will practise his business and the Certificate of Incorporation is the importer or exporter is a company.
- The amount of the capital used in the export/imports trtansactions
- A certificate from a Chartered Accountant showing the amount of capital used in import and export activities in the last budget.
- Payment of the fees required for import/export registration, which is nominal ranging between SD5000 and SD50,000 and the registration is renewed annually.

Import Pattern/Mechanism
i) In every Ministry there is a department, issuing tenders.
ii) The Embassy will make tenders available at the Embassy through contactsl and co-ordination with different governmental or private departments and bodies.

Procedure for opening of offices, for getting office space and residential accommodation, hiring of local staff.

This could be arranged with concerned authorities in accordance with existing rules and regulations.

Import Agents
Through the Commercial & Industrial Associations whose details have been listed earlier.
- Sudanese Businesemen & Employers Federation
- Sudanese Chambers of Industies Association
- Union Chamber of Commerce
- Chamber of Small Industries & Crafts Union.

Registration Formalities for Import of Food and Agro Products, medicines, Pharmaceuticals etc.

According to rules and regulations set out by the concerned authorities and by the Sudan Authority for Standardization and Specifications, Medical Supply Unit, Ministry of health etc.

Rules of Origin-Advantages for Trade within Africa
The strategic location of Sudan represent a gateway to African, Middle estern Markets and beyond. The country is also in a key position in regional co-operation institutions like COMESA. The country is surrounded by Nine African countries in addition to the long coast of the Red Sea. This locations makes trade interactions with the African countries easy.

Free Trade Zones-Rules, Regulations, benefits
The Sudanese Free Zones is one the Pioneering Economic Institutions in the country. It is one of the companies which guarantees freedom of capital movement and provides suitable investment climate for both the loca and foreign investors. It is one of the basic pillars of Sudanese Liberalization Policy.

- The Red Sea Free Zone, located at Port Sudan, is prepared to host all kind of investment activities.
- The Al-Gaili Free Zone located 60km North of Khartoum, the capital of Sudan
- The Sudanese Free Zone Act of 1999 stipulates
a) No property, assets, funds or other possessions are subject to nationalization or confiscation.
b) The right to IMPORT EXPORT DATA and profits at any stage of duly met obligations.

The Free Trade Zones in Sudan offers:
- 100% ownership
- 100% IMPORT EXPORT DATA & profits
- No personal income tax
- No corporate tax for 12 years renewable
- No currency restriction
- No restrictions on entry & stay permits
- Cost effective labour supply
- Freedom of labour recruitment
- Abundant & cost effective raw material and production resources.

International funding: UNO/UNDP/FAO/UNICEF
All International Funding Organizations have representatives and offices in the Sudan as Sudan is a member of these organizations.

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